Lord Mahavira was a prince whose childhood name was vardhaman. according to the digambar
traditation, lord mahavira was born in the year 615 bc, but the swetambaras believe that he was born in
599 bc. both sects however agree that he was the son of siddhartha and trisala. it is said that mother
trisala had sixteen auspicious dreams before the child was born (only 14 according to the swetambaras).
astrologers interpreting these dreams, stated that the child would be either an emperor or a tirthankar..
as the son of a king, he had many worldly pleasures, comforts, and services at his command. in boyhood
once while playing he brought under control a terrify serpent. consequently and symbolic of this feat of
bravery, he got the title mahavir and vira-natha.
However at the age of thirty he left his family and the royal household, gave up his worldly possessions, and became a monk in search of a solution to eliminate pain, sorrow, and suffering from life of all beings. mahavira left home, retired to the park, jnatrkhanda-vana, close to kundapura and relinquished his ornaments and cloths. he pulled out his hair by his hands, observed fast for three days, and then plunged himself into meditation. after some time, he started touring various parts of the country. he strictly followed ahimsa, not to deprive others of even a blade of grass belonging to them, not to speak lie, not to entertain any sex appetite, even in mind, and not to have any possession of worldly goods. along with the practice of his five great voes he got himself habituated to endure with peace and patience all such physical and mental tortures like hunger, thirst, cold, heat, insect bites etc. known as parisaha.