neminatha the 22nd tirthankara of the jains, was the son of samudra vijaya and grandson of
andhakavrishni. he is said to be a cousin of krishna, the lord of the bhagvadgita. krishna negotiated his
marriage with rajamati, the daughter of ugrasena but neminatha taking compassion on the animals which
were to be slaughtered in connection with the marriage feast, left the marriage procession suddenly and
renounced the world.
there is a mention in the chhandogya upanishada, that the sage ghora angirasa imparted a certain instructions of the spiritual sacrifice to krishna, the son of devaki. the liberal payment of this scarify was austerity, liberality, simplicity, non-violence and truthfulness. these teachings of ghora angirasa seem to be the tenets of jainism. hence, ghora angirasa seems to be the jain saint. the writers of the jain scriptures say that tirthankara neminatha was the master of krishna, the ghora angirasa. it may be possible to suggest that neminatha was his early name and when he had obtained salvation after hard austerities, he might have been given the name of ghora angirasa.
in the yajurveda, neminatha seems to be clearly mentioned as one of the important rishis. he is described as one who is capable of crossing over the ocean of life and death, as the remover of violence, one who is instrumental is sparing life from injury and so on. the yajurveda probably beolongs to the twelfth century b. c. this indicates that neminatha seems to be known at this time and flourished even before.
the king nebuchadnazzar (940 b. c.) who was also the lord of revanagara (in kathiawara) and who belonged to sumer tribe, has come to the lace (dwarka) of the yaduraja. he has built a temple and paid homage and made the grant perpetual in favour of lord neminatha, the paramount deity of mt. raivata.
this inscription is of great historical importance. the king named nebuchadnazzar was living in the 10th century b. c. it indicates that even in the tenth century b.c. there was the worship of the temple of neminatha the 22nd. tirthankara of the jains. it goes to prove the historicity of neminatha.
|02||Father’s Name||samudra vijay|
|03||Mother’s Name||shiva devi|
|05||Birth Thithi||sharvan ku 5|
|06||Diksha Thithi||sharvan ku 6|
|07||Kevalgyan Thithi||ashwan ku 15|
|09||Shadak Jeevan||700 years|
|10||Age Lived||1000 years|
|11||Lakshan Sign||shankh (counch)|
|13||Neervan Thithi||aashadh su 8|