bhagavan rishabha was the first jain hence he is often called adinath, the first lord. he is also called
rushabh, rushabhdev, adinath or adishwar. he is mentioned in most of the hindu puranas, markandeya,
kurma, vayu, garuda, brahmanda, varaha, linga, vishnu, skandha etc. rishabha has been mentioned in the
hindu text of the bhagavatha-purana as an avatar of vishnu. according to the bhāgavata, he was born to
show the people of this world the path of salvation.
the hindus, gave the same parentage (father nabhiraja and mother marudevi) of rishabhdev as the jains do and they even agree that after the name of rishabhdev’s eldest son bharat this country is known as bharatavarsa. in the rgveda there are clear references to rishabhdev, the first tirthankara. bhagwanrishabhdev also called adinath the first tirthankara born in the royal family of ikshvaku clan in ayodhya as the son of king nabhiraja and queen maru devi. he was married to sumangla and sunanda. sumangla gave birth to bharat, who later became a chakravarti king . sunanda gave birth to a child who came to be known as bahubali.
adinath had one hundred sons and two daughters, who were named brahmi and sundari. it is believed
that all civilization developed from the teachings of adinath. he was the first king to establish the
institutions of marriage, agriculture, the arts, and weaponry. he ruled for thousands of years and after he
divided his kingdom among his sons and departed to take up an ascetic way of life.
when adinath renounced his kingdom, thousands of people followed him into the ascetic life. whenever they went for alms, people offered them gold, jewels, ornaments, etc. but no one offered them food. thus, many of his followers could not tolerate the starvation. they began asking for food, and then they left to form their own groups. this was the beginning of many sects. (according to the jain faith, tirthankaras remained silent until they achieved perfection.)
adinath also went without food for an entire year. then he went to his grandson shreyans kingdom (hastinapur). his grandson offered him sugarcane juice, which he accepted. hastinapur is still considered a holy place, and even today jains make pilgrimages to this site to break ritual fasts (with sugarcane juice). after becoming enlightened (perfect), he broke his silence and preached for many years, telling how to escape the cycle of birth and death and achieve eternal bliss. bhagavan adinath achieved nirvana on the mountain of kailash in the himalayas whenthe modern historians like ramprasad chandra, dr. vilas sangave , dr. heinrich zimmer, john marshall, thomas mcevilley and mircea eliade are of opinion that there exists some link between rshabha and indus valley civilization. terracotta seals and other evidences unearthed at the ancient cities of harrapa and mohenjo daro provide a link between rsabha and indus valley civilisation. the eminent scholar p.r. deshmukh says that the first jain tirthankara belonged to indus valley civilisation.
|01||Name||rishabha prabhu (adinathji)|
|05||Birth Thithi||chaitra krishan 8|
|06||Diksha Thithi||chaitra krishan 8|
|07||Kevalgyan Thithi||falgun krishna 8|
|09||Shadak Jeevan||1,00,000 purva|
|10||Age Lived||84,00,000 purva|
|13||Neervan Thithi||magh krishna 14|