The literal meaning of the word darshan is knowledge acquired through vision or that which is actually seen. The main objective of all the darshans is describing the soul principal. While describing the soul principle they discuss various issues such as what is the embodied soul, how it is originated, the true nature of the manifest world, how it was created, the reason for its creation, whether it is a gross or endowad with divine consciousness, etc. Answering such questions with conviction is considered an analogous objective of the darshans. The world, the embodied soul, God and the final liberation (Moksha) are the four main concepts discussed in all Darshans. What is God? What is the form of God? What is Human? What is the aim of their life? How should a human survive a proper? life? The effort to get wisdom of such and such questions in Darshan.
For pilgrimes here is a epic Jinalaya to worship. In depth of the double stair main temple statue of supreme Arihant is situated. All around this temple 20 more statues and statues of God and Goddess gives a marvellous look and lusture to the site. On the upper stair the statue of bhagwan Parswanath with few God and Goddess are situated. On the east of this temple Madhuchampa Snatra Mandap in which four chapel for pilgrimes to worship is facilitated. On these chapel Statue of Bhomiya Jee, Shree Ghantakaran, Mahavir Mahalaxmi devi and Guru Bhagwant is situated.
Tirth:-Teerth is a way that helps to overcome the perpetual wheel of birth & death, to come out from the mesh of worldly affairs and to get free from mundane afflictions. All the 24 Teerthankaras have shown this way in practical in their life, by precepts (Education) delivered by them in Samavsharana. They are also called Jina, because they have won the Karma, both the external & internal – the Bhav Karma (affection & aversion, anger, proud, greed etc.) and attained the salvation, full and final liberation from world.So the entire life of Jina & their precepts are also called Teerth.
In ‘Yuktyanushasan’ Acharya Samantabhadra says that the Teerth of Jina is auspicious to all (Sarvodaya). He says in ‘Brihat Swayambhu Stotra’ praying to Bhagwan Mallinath (The 19th Teerthankara) that your Teerth brings out all the living beings from the ocean of birth & death.In the same way, the places related to the Garbha, Janma, Deeksha, Gyan (Jnan) & Moksha Kalyanakas of various Teerthankaras and places where an ascetic saint attained Kevalgyan or salvation are also called Teerth being sacred due to contact of those holy persons.Acharya Vadeebha Singh Suri says that due to the contact of great persons places also becomes sacred. Such sacred places are called Teerths or Teerth Kshetras.
Reasons of establishment of the Teerths :– Teerthankaras and various ascetic saints have practiced penance, meditation, self-control etc. to get free from the worldly troubles of birth, old age & death and they show the path to world to get rid of these troubles.In this way, those are well wishers of world without any reason or expectations. Only due to this reason they are called the headers of Moksha Marga (The path of salvation).To show the gratefulness about their beneficence, to keep the spiritual event of that place in continuous memory and by all this, to experience the properties of those Teerthankaras and ascetic saints, a memorial is built there by their followers or devotees.The feelings of gratefulness are the main reason in construction or establishment of all the Teerth Kshetras in the world.
Types of Teerths: – Jains accept the three types of Teerth Kshetras as under – 1. Nirvan Kshetra or Siddha Kshetra – The The places of salvation of any Teerthankara or an ascetic saint or more. In world preaches of all the sacred texts, Vrata, Tapa, penance, meditation; all are aimed to get freedom from world. This is the only & final object of human pursuit.So the place of salvation becomes sacred. After salvation Gods of heaven (Dev) come there for worship. Indra (The King of heaven) makes a symbol at that place. Followers or devotees place the images of feet there to memorize the event.Devotion & faith of public towards Nirvan Kshetras is always greater than other Teerth Kshetras.Kailashgiri, Sammed Shikhar, Champapur, Pavapur, Girnargiri are the places of salvation related to Teerthankaras.Mangi-Tungi, Sonagiri, Muktagiri etc. are other Nirvan Kshetras related to ascetic saints other than Teerthankaras. 2. Kalyanaka Kshetra – These are the places related to Garbha (Conception), Janma (Birth), Tapa / Deeksha (Accepting the penance), Gyan (Knowledge) Kalyanakas of Teerthankaras. Some of such places are Hastinapur, Ayodhya, Shauripur etc. 3. Atishaya Kshetra – Such Teerth Kshetras where a miracle or wonder is happened or seen about the temple, idol or place are known as Atishaya Kshetra. Some of famous Atishaya Kshetras are Shri Mahaveerji, Tijara, Padampura, Hummacha, Gopachal, Khajuraho etc.The places other than Nirvan Kshetra or Kalyanka Kshetra are all called Atishaya Kshetra.In beginning, generally only the footprints or foot images were kept on Teerth Kshetras and one or two temples were built there. Later on the importance of temples felt more, so many temples were constructed at Teerth Kshetras. In ancient times Stoopa, Ayaga Patta, Dharma Chakra and Teerthankar idols with Ashta Pratiharya were built & installed there and they were supposed the unique & essential parts of Jain Art, after 11th-12th century these became uncommon. Now a day Teerthankara idols are carved alone, expressing the sentiments of eternal piece and non affection beautifully and in impressive manner.
Importance of Teerth Kshetras: – Digambar Jain Teerth Kshetras have a great existence in Indian Culture. Kalyanaka Kshetras related to Teerthankaras and salvation places of Teerthankaras & ascetic saints getting sacred by their Tapa (Penance) & practice of self-control are the symbols of ever existing faith in religion of Indian Public.These Kshetras give the message of eternal piece and religiousness to human beings, who are trapped in the mesh of worldly affairs and troubles of life. Teerth gives the message of non-violence, truth, non attachment without speaking and thus brings the man on right path.Utility of Teerth Kshetras in real is this, that reaching there, inclination towards worldly worries & responsibilities gets vanished, intension is diverted towards self-realization due to devotion in those great persons / saints. At home one never gets freedom from family work & responsibilities. Teerth Kshetras exist far away from the noise of cities in forests or on hills in peaceful environment, so the mind of a man being free from tension & trouble gets engaged in worship of god and in self-realization.
Palganj:-15 KM far from Sikherji in east direction, a village named Palganj is situated. In the past period, pilgrtims stay at Palganj and start their Vandana to Shikherji darshan. In this village, a Shikher band Prachin temple is located in which statue of Bhagwan Parasnath is worshiped. This temple indecates the parampara of Chaturtha Kall.
Rijubalika:- After darshan of Bhagwan Parasnath at Palganj pilgrimes travel for Rijubalika. Rijubalika is 5 KM far from Palganj on yhe bank of river barakar. In the temple at Palganj, statue of Bhagwan Mahavir got all of his knowledge at the bank of this river.
Pawapuri:- Pawapuri, or Apapuri, 38 kilometers from Rajgir and 101 kilometers from Patna, all sins end for a devout Jain. Lord Mahavira, the final Tirthankar and founder of Jainism, breathed his last at this place, and was cremated here around 500 B.C. It is said that the demand for his ashes was so great that a large amount of soil was removed from around the funeral pyre, creating the water tank. A marble temple, the “Jalmandir”, was later built in the middle of the tank, and is now a major pilgrimage spot for Jains. Another Jain temple called Samosharan is located here.
Mandargiri:- Mandargiri is 187 Km away from Rijubalika. Mandargiri is a place with natural peaceful environment, pleasant to eyes. It is a great holy place related to the salvation of 12th Teerthankar 1008 Bhagawan Vasupoojya Swami. Here is a place where Lord Vasupoojya attained the Kevalgyan (Supernatural Knowledge), there also 3 pairs of ancient feet images are installed.
Champapur:- Champapur is 65 KM far from Mandargiri. Champapur is the only ‘Panch Kalyanaka Kshetra’ in the world. It is related to Panch Kalyanaka: - “(i) Garbha, (ii) Janma, (iii) Tapa, (iv) Gyan and (v) Moksha” of 12th Teerthankar Bhagwan Vasupoojya (The first ascetic saint). The red colored Padmasana idol of Bhagwan Vasupoojya Swami present in centre of main altar is quite attractive and miraculous. The color of this idol is comparable to the actual complexion of Bhagwan Vasupoojya. Another idol of Bhagwan Vasupoojya is made of ‘Ashtadhatu’ (Alloy of eight metals) & the ancient foot images of Bhagwan Vasupoojya are also installed in this altar. The principal deity of Bhagwan Vasupoojya is also constructed along with other artistic idols which are present around the main altar. There is ‘Ashta-Pratiharya’ created in an artful specimen of glass present in this temple that is marvelous..
Lachwad:- From Champapur Lachwar is 140 KM away, According to Swetambers Lachwar is the birth place of Bhagwan Mahavir
Guwana:- Gunwana is 72 KM far from Lachwad, in district Nawada. Here different idols from both Sampraday i.e. Digamber and Swetamber is situated. Hence, this place is the meeting place of Digamber - Swetamber.
Kundalpur:- This Kshetra Kundalpur is a place full of natural attractive beauty famous for miraculous colossus of Bade Baba Bhagwan Adinath in sitting (Padmasana) posture 15 feet in height and is a place of salvation of Antim Kevali Shridhar Kevali. Here are 63 temples of various types, among them 22nd temple is famous for Bade Baba Bhagwan Adinath the principal deity and 49th is called Jal Mandir, an attractive temple situated in the middle of beautiful pond Vardhaman Sagar.
Rajgriha:- Rajagriha, surrounded by the meandering river Banganga and 5 hills, was known in the past as the abode of kings. During the lifetime of the Buddha this was the capital of the powerful Magadha kingdom, ruled by the virtuous King Bimbisara. The Buddha chose this famous city for many of his retreats and it was here that Devadatta, his jealous cousin, made several attempts on his life. Buddha spent his first rainy season (versa vasa) after enlightenment and third, fourth, seventeenth and twentieth varsaas in Rajgriha. After the parinirvana of Buddha, Ajatasatru enshrined the Buddha’s relics inside a stupa at Rajgirha and, under his patronage, the monks held the First Buddhist Council in the Saptaparni cave.